Deformational plagiocephaly, also referred to as positional plagiocephaly and flat head syndrome, is a condition upon which an infant’s skull appears flattened either at the back or to either side. This flattening is predominantly caused by continued external pressure to the skull when the infant lies with the head in the same position for prolonged lengths of time. However, other causes include: multiple, premature and assisted birth.
There are two types of deformational plagiocephaly, posterior deformational plagiocephaly (PDP) and frontal deformational plagiocephaly (FDP). As their names suggest, posterior deformational plagiocephaly refers to a flattening at the back of the head while frontal deformational plagiocephaly is characterised as a flattening which is most noticeable at the front of the head.
Plagiocephaly is a complex condition that affects each baby differently. The length of time needed for correction varies between individuals, but this can usually be predicted by a few factors. This post uncovers all and will help you to find out how long it takes to correct plagiocephaly.
Following a diagnosis of plagiocephaly, parents often carry out extensive research online to try and understand exactly how the condition affects the brain or seek out clinical online studies to help them decide whether to treat and which treatment option will have the best results for their baby. (more…)
If you suspect that your baby might have positional plagiocephaly, naturally you’ll be wondering how severe the deformity is relative to other infants, and whether or not you should seek treatment. But how is plagiocephaly measured, and what system is used as a severity assessment for Plagiocephaly? (more…)
In 2012, we received a piece of news regarding USA research on craniosynostosis and plagiocephaly. This article highlighted the Department of Pediatric Psychiatry at Seattle Children’s Hospital’s participation in an NIH-funded study of the neurobehavioral correlates of craniosynostosis. This craniofacial disorder is characterized by the premature fusion of two adjoining plates of the skull, which result in malformations and dysmorphology of the head in the absence of corrective surgery.
In many cases, flat head syndrome will self correct through repositioning, bringing it within the normal and acceptable range. However, where infants have moderate or severe flat head syndrome, this is unlikely to improve significantly without further intervention.
The question is, what constitutes mild, moderate and severe flat head syndrome? (more…)
The majority of children with plagiocephaly are unable to get helmet treatment on the NHS. Instead, parents are sent home and told to ‘wait and see’ whether their child’s condition will or will not improve on its own. Conversely, American babies are offered helmet therapy as a standard intervention for moderate to severe skull flattening. This begs the question: is plagiocephaly purely cosmetic as British medical institutions claim, or could it be associated with developmental issues? And even if it is ‘just’ cosmetic, could this cause problems in itself? This post investigates the research that has been carried out to date, and answers some of the questions you might have if your baby has a flat head.