What is Craniosynostosis?
Craniosynostosis is a rare condition where a baby’s head isn’t growing properly and presents itself as an abnormal head shape. Babies have fourteen bones in their skull, nine in the lower part of the skull, the cranial base and five in the uppers skull, the cranial vault. We are concerned with the upper part of the skull, the vault. Each of the bones in the vault has gaps between them that are otherwise known as cranial sutures. These sutures remain open and flexible during infancy, and become gradually more firm throughout childhood, finally becoming more firm in young adulthood. Craniosynostosis occurs when one or more of these sutures fuse (close) prematurely.
Study to investigate the behavioural, cognitive and neurological impairments associated with craniosynostosis and plagiocephaly
In 2012, we received a piece of news regarding USA research on craniosynostosis and plagiocephaly. This article highlighted the Department of Pediatric Psychiatry at Seattle Children’s Hospital’s participation in an NIH-funded study of the neurobehavioral correlates of craniosynostosis. This craniofacial disorder is characterized by the premature fusion of two adjoining plates of the skull, which result in malformations and dysmorphology of the head in the absence of corrective surgery.
Craniosynostosis is often confused with plagiocephaly as they are both conditions that affect the growth and shape of a baby’s head. It is, however, important to understand how to differentiate craniosynostosis as it requires a specialist form of treatment.
Plagiocephaly and craniosynostosis are both conditions that result in skull deformities. Because of this they are often confused, but there are a number of key features that define each one as distinct from the other. Here we outline the difference between plagiocephaly and craniosynostosis to help give you an idea of their distinguishing features.
Plagiocephaly and craniosynostosis are both conditions affecting the shape of the skull and without knowledge, the symptoms can be confused with one another. While plagiocephaly is relatively benign, with severe cases affecting approximately one in 25 infants, craniosynostosis is rarer, affecting one in 3,300. (more…)